• Stambh Organization

SDG 2 (ZERO HUNGER)


Introduction:

Following quite a while of consistent decay, the number of individuals who

experience the ill effects of hunger, as estimated by the predominance of

undernourished, started to gradually increment again in 2015. Current appraisals

show that almost 690 million individuals are ravenous, or 8.9 percent of the total

populace, up by 10 million individuals in a single year and by almost 60 million

every five years.

The world isn't on target to accomplish Zero Appetite by 2030. Assuming late

patterns proceed; the number of individuals impacted by craving would outperform

840 million by 2030. As per the World Food Program, 135 million experience the

ill effects of intense yearning to a great extent because of man-made struggles,

environmental change, and financial slumps.

Simultaneously, a significant difference in the worldwide food and horticulture

framework is required if we are to sustain the over 690 million individuals who are

eager today – and the extra 2 billion individuals the world will have by 2050.


Story of three children who starved

On 24 July 2018, three girls- Mansi(8), Shikha(4) and Parul(2), died in an east

Delhi hospital, succumbed to starvation.

It was found that the mother of the children, Beena (29), was not mentally stable

and their father Mangal Singh(32), a rickshaw puller, did not return home for many

days.

Pradeep Singh, the son of their landlord said that Beena and her family were

brought to him by one of his tenants, a man who works there as a helper at a

roadside eatery nearby. That tenant told Pradeep Singh that Beena and her family

lived in a slum area of Mandawali with her husband and because of the heavy rain

(their shanty was damaged in the rain), they needed a better place to live that is

why on 21 st July 2018, Pradeep allowed them to live for a few days in a small room

in Talab Chowk until they found a better place. They were also not in a condition

to pay the rent according to Pradeep.

According to Pradeep Singh, he was informed that all three children had fainted.

He used to live upstairs. When his mother Sudesh and he rushed to Beena’s house,

they found the children lying unconscious. With the assistance of a neighbor, He

took them to Lal Bahadur Shastri medical clinic where the specialist's articulated

them dead on appearance.

Delegate official of police (east) Pankaj Kumar Singh said the principal post-

mortem examination report proposes that the kids surrendered to unexpected issues

identified with malnourishment and starvation.

According to doctors from Lal Bahadur Shastri Hospital where the initial post-

mortem was conducted, the three children had died of starvation resulting from

prolonged malnutrition and hunger. According to a senior doctor from the hospital,

on condition of anonymity, the primary cause of death was starvation; the children

might have had infections or diarrhea but the underlying cause was severe

malnutrition. The state of the organs, as indicated by the posthumous report,

showed that there was delayed ailing health. The bodies of the children were

handed over to the mother the next day.

Police also said the woman could not be questioned properly and has failed to help

them establish the sequence of events. According to a police officer probing the

incident when police tried to ask her if she had fed the children properly, she did

not have any satisfactory reply. She only nodded or said no. They had not been

able to get details from her. She was also not aware of the whereabouts of her

husband.

The landowner said he felt that Beena was not intellectually stable when he had

permitted them to remain at his home. He said that she could not interact properly

and she barely spoke to the people. Her husband also came on 21 st July, when they

shifted and since then, he had been away. They had not seen him return even after

the children died.


Cause of their Starvation:



After an initial examination, doctors reported that the reason for the death of the

three sisters was hunger. They hadn’t eaten anything for 8 days and due to which

they went into a shock on Monday night. They had no traces of fat on their bodies.

It could be seen in the postmortem report that their stomach was utterly empty. It’s

a case of gross starvation and malnutrition. It was confirmed by police officials

that the mother of the children was not mentally stable and couldn’t even recognize

her children when the dead bodies were given to her after autopsy and the father

was missing from 3-4 days, lookout order for whom was released by the police

department. All three sisters were below the age of 10 years and had no one where

to go to instead of their parents in that city and neighborhood. Two of the younger

sisters were unwell for a few days and the older one who used to go to school,

should have provided mid-day meals, also fell ill.


Solutions of the hunger problem:


  • FOSTERING GENDER EQUALITY

According to data from the World Food Program, in nearly two-thirds of the

world’s countries, women are more hungry than men. By putting women’s health

and nutrition first, we can not only prevent them from having health complications

during childbirth, but also prevent them from having children.

  • REDUCING FOOD WASTE

Currently, one third of all food produced (more than 1.3 billion tons) is wasted.

Producing this wasted food also wastes other natural resources. Ending food waste

will be a fundamental shift, but you can get involved by simply reducing your own

food waste.

  • SUPPORTING HYGIENE

Sometimes people (especially children) seem to eat enough. But if they live in an

area with inadequate sanitation facilities or poor hygiene practices, they may be

prone to diarrhea or other water-borne diseases, which prevents them from

absorbing these nutrients.

  • IMPROVING FOOD STORAGE SYSTEMS

What if you have enough food but lack storage solutions to preserve food? This is

another problem that, once resolved, will have a major impact on narrowing the

hunger gap. Sometimes this requires a lot of intervention, such as building or

repairing food stores. Other times, this change may occur at the household level.



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