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  • Writer's pictureStambh Organization



What is poverty?

Poverty is a serious problem when people are deprived of necessities such as food, water, shelter, money and clothing.


In 2015, more than 700 million people, or 10 percent of the world's population, lived in extreme poverty, struggling to meet basic needs such as health, education, and access to water and sanitation, to name a few. However, the COVID-19 epidemic is reversing the practice of reducing poverty by tens of millions of people at risk of being rehabilitated into extreme poverty - people living on less than $ 1.90 / day - resulting in the first global increase in poverty by more than 20. years. Even before COVID-19, basic estimates suggested that 6 percent of the world's population would still live in extreme poverty by 2030, missing the goal of eradicating poverty. Developing countries will face a devastating social and economic crisis for months and years to come, as the epidemic puts millions of workers at risk of unemployment, unemployment, and poverty. Having a job also does not guarantee a decent life. In fact, 7.1 percent of employed workers and their families worldwide live in extreme poverty in 2019, a good decline compared to 2010, but the number is expected to rise due to the long-term effects of the epidemic.

What does poverty mean?

  • Lack of accommodation

  • Food shortages

  • Lack of education

  • Lack of basic transportation

  • Inability to pay bills

  • Lack of health and medical infrastructure

Causes of poverty

  • Lack of education

  • Natural disasters

  • Lack of money

  • No opportunities provided

  • More people

  • Drugs and alcohol as some people spend all their money on addiction

The main causes of extreme poverty

  • Hunger and malnutrition

  • Limited access to quality health care

  • Lack of access to clean water

  • Limited education

  • The consequences of poverty

  • High moral standards

  • Increased health risks and the spread of epidemics such as HIV AIDS and malaria

  • It impairs children's ability to grow and develop properly and contributes to the poverty cycle

  • It hinders education and community development

  • Increased armed conflict


  • THE four billion people in developing countries live on $ 1.25 or less

  • Three out of 4 people live on less than $ 1.25 a day

  • 22, children die every day from poverty

  • 8 MILLION people die from malnutrition — about 24, die every day

  • About 6 percent of the world's hungry people are women

  • Lack of proper maternal care leads to the deaths of 3 mothers a year

  • Olu 1 in 6 babies are born with a low birth rate in developing countries

  • Malnutrition causes 13 of all child deaths resulting in 2.6 MILLION deaths per year.

  • Every 5 seconds a child dies of starvation-related illnesses

  • 98 percent of the world's undernourished people live in developing countries

Why is social protection so important?

The COVID-19 epidemic will have immediate and long-term economic consequences for people worldwide. Strong social protection programs are important in reducing the consequences and preventing more people from falling into poverty. However, 55 percent of the world's population - nearly 4 billion people - did not benefit from any form of social protection in 2016. Only 22 percent of unemployed workers are covered by unemployment benefits.

So what can I do about it?

Your involvement in policy making can make a difference in tackling poverty. It ensures that your rights are developed and that your voice is heard, that generational knowledge is shared, and that innovation and critical thinking are encouraged throughout the years to support the transformational change in people's lives and communities. Governments can help create an enabling environment for the creation of productive jobs and job opportunities for the poor and disadvantaged. The private sector has a major role to play in determining whether the growth they create is inclusive and contributes to poverty reduction. It can improve economic opportunities for the poor. The role of science in eradicating poverty has been enormous. For example, it has made clean water available, reduced deaths from water-borne diseases, and improved hygiene to reduce health risks associated with unsafe drinking water and lack of sanitation.


The effects of poverty are many:

Rising crime rates are one of the main causes of poverty, as many unfortunate people seek food and other necessities.

Thus, developing countries often have higher crime rates than developed countries.

Another major cause of poverty is the lack of highly skilled workers as many people in these less fortunate countries have no money to attend school, which is why they lack the necessary education to engage in activities that require advanced scientific knowledge.


The most obvious and widely used solution to poverty is education.

Thus, many developing countries put too much emphasis on education to end this cycle of poverty.

Other solutions include borrowing from poor people which is a solution seen in a well-researched study.

The creation of new jobs and the cancellation of huge debts are also solutions to this poverty cycle.

Unwanted, neglected, forgotten by everyone - there is a greater hunger than an empty man-eating - mother Teresa

Real-life application

The practical application of these values ​​in our daily lives is a contribution and community service projects that can be organized by the school and us, with these projects many people around the world will benefit.

Money donations and clothing or food are just one example of many real-life applications.

Many people are also involved in pastoral care and this is a very useful program in this regard.

Many people also engage in missionary projects which is also an extremely helpful project towards the less fortunate in other countries, as it provides comfort that money may not be able to provide.


Poverty has become a great issue in our world. Though many organizations have been created to find solutions for this matter nobody could not save our world completely from poverty. The most common fact which we can realize when we consider information about poverty is that poverty is mostly occurring in developing countries.

About The Author

Jeshika singh gurjar

Research Intern ,

The Stambh Organization,india

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