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The election system is the pillar of Indian democracy. Government is by

the people, in whom the supreme power is vested in the people and

exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free

electoral system, this is the definition of democracy. In the phrase of

Abraham Lincoln, democracy is a government “of the people, by the

people, and for the people.” Elections are conducted to allow the

common to participate in making political decisions. Common men have

many responsibilities in their personal and professional life. It is the

election that helps them choose their leaders to run the country.

The Election Commission of India is one of the few government

agencies in the world that operates around the clock all year. The

The Election Commission of India is responsible for overseeing the

Panchayat, District Board, State Assemblies, Legislative Council, Lok

Sabha, Rajya Sabha, President, and Vice-President. The Commission

spends nearly all of its time counting ballots, verifying voter lists, and

delineating constituencies. The purity of the election process requires strict

vigil on the part of the Election Commission.

Currently, elections to the state legislatures and the Lok Sabha are held

independently, either when the incumbent government's five-year tenure

expires or when it is dissolved for a variety of reasons. This holds true

for state legislatures as well as the Lok Sabha. The terms of the

Legislative Assemblies and the Lok Sabha may or may not coincide.

Rajasthan, for example, held elections in late 2018, but Tamil Nadu will

not hold elections until 2021. elections are held virtually every month –

Assam, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu, among other states, recently held

elections — and they cost a lot of money. Buying support, then buying

supporters, then buying them Bikes/Cars so that they have ample

mobility in your campaigning, then paying for the poster & hoarding

battle, paying for their daily costs, paying for parties and treats is all

standard procedure in India. Overall, in 98 percent of situations,

contesting an election is prohibitively expensive. Just 2 years back in

2019 staggering Rs 55,000-60,000 crore was spent in the Lok Sabha

elections, according to a study by the Centre for Media Studies (CMS).

To transform this election system the Prime Minister of India recently

advocated a ‘one nation, one election (ONOE) system, and a single

voters’ list, saying that election taking place every month hinders

development. Addressing the concluding session of the 80th All India

Presiding Officers Conference via videoconference, at Kevadiya

(Gujarat) on the occasion of Constitution Day (26th November) the

prime minister made a strong for simultaneous election. He also added

that ONOE is not just an issue of notion, but also the need of the nation.

the idea is supported by the current President Shri Ram Nath Kovind as

well as the former President Shri Pranab Mukherjee.

In a situation where country’s development and can also hamper long-

term policymaking is at stake a thorough examination and discussion of

the concept of "one nation, one election" is vital. One would think that

the idea was novel, but India had one nation in the past and elections

were only based on this concept in 1952, 1957, 1962, and 1967.

Lok Sabha and State legislatures went to polls together in 1952 and

1957. This synchronized cycle was initially broken in Kerala in July

1959, when, following elections in April 1957, the Center invoked

Article 356 of the Constitution to dismiss the EMS Namboodiripad

ministry of the Communist Party. The elections followed in February

1960 by state elections. With the decline in popularity in Congress,

major setbacks were suffered during the elections of 1967 in several states

such as Bihar, UP, Rajasthan, Punjab, West Bengal, Orissa, and Madras.

Defections and counter-defections eventually resulted in the dissolution

of assemblies which divided many States' polling cycles from the

Central one. In India, for example, "one nation, one election". So, “one

nation, one election” was prevalent in India initially before the cycle

broke due to Congress’s fortunes. Interestingly, the Election

Commission had suggested back in 1983 that such simultaneous polls

can be worked out.

A call for simultaneous Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha elections has the

advantage of reducing expenditures by political parties with large war

chests used for manufacturing consent through advertisements, rallies,

and the distribution of freebies, as well as channeling state machinery

required for polling place administration. Furthermore, the frequent

imposition of the EC's Model Code of Conduct months before elections

freezes much-needed capital expenditure for development projects.

Implementing simultaneous polls will lend a hand to cut money and

administrative expenses, as already discussed political parties spend a lot

on campaigning. Instead of constantly campaigning, the ruling parties

will be able to focus on legislation and governance. It is also expected

that if simultaneous elections are held, the number and percentage of

voters who come out of their homes to vote will increase. These

advantages would benefit the entire country.

Whereas on the other hand most critics say that such a concept is

unconstitutional and anything that goes against the Constitution in India

cannot be followed because it is the Supreme Constitution in India. The

Constitution actually does not say clearly if we can or cannot have the

policy of ‘ONOE’. However, holding Lok Sabha and state assembly

elections at the same time in 2019 may violate some constitutional

provisions. The tenure of the Lok Sabha is specified in Article 83(2),

which states that it shall be for five years unless dissolved earlier.

Similarly, Article 172 states that State Assemblies have a 5-year term

unless dissolved earlier. However, for specific reasons only the state

meetings can be resolved pursuant to Article 356 of the Constitution and

the simultaneous elections would constitute an infringement of the

Constitution by dissolving the assembly.

Moreover, simultaneous polls would benefit the nationally dominant

party at the expense of regional players. They also claim that holding

simultaneous elections will cause complications if, for example, any of

the state governments fail before the end of their term. They've also

pointed out that holding simultaneous elections would cause logistical

problems, necessitating roughly twice as many electronic voting

machines (EVMs) and Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT)


Actually, the issue is a confluence of political and legal dimensions. The

BJP is in favor of this idea of one nation, one election because it believes

that it will help BJP to have a strong government throughout the country.

An assumption can also be drawn that the agenda can be the next big

gamble, just as demonetization can bring huge support for the

party. Other parties, such as Congress, still lack a strong face as the

central leader, and †one nation, one election may result in it losing

even in states where it is in power.

Elections would necessitate a constitutional amendment, which would

require support from both houses. Without the amendment, it would be

impossible to dissolve state governments and hold simultaneous

elections in all states.

There are several commentators who seem to have the all types of

notions. In my opinion ‘One nation, one election' may appear to be a

daunting endeavor, but it is feasible, workable, and cost-effective in the

long term, resulting in less corruption and better openness and

accountability. True, bringing the concept of "one Nation, one election"

to fulfillment will need a great deal of conviction.

It is self-evident that the Constitution and other laws would need to be

changed. However, in a country where constitutional modifications

average one and a half each year, this is hardly a reason against the idea.

Fears of the Centre acquiring more power or regional parties being

disadvantaged during concurrent elections appear naive. We all are

aware that Prime Minister Narendra Modi has demonstrated his

commitment to one-ness and effective last-mile delivery by numerous

initiatives like "one country, one tax" and "one nation, one ration


If electoral change is required for national growth, the country should

take the lead in implementing it. Only debating such an important topic

will not be enough; instead, public opinion should be solicited on "one

nation, one vote" poll. Thus “One nation, one election” can definitely be

a concept whose time has come.


__________________________________________________________________________________(2020). discussion today one nation one election. insights editor .


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Studies, , 6119-6131.

Sangeetha, T. R. (2020). Is ‘One Nation, One Election’ possible?The Hindu.

sanhi, m. (n.d.). One Nation, One Election The Law And The Politics. legal service india .

Seema Uikey1, B. P. (2017). Scope of One Nation One Election: A Feed forward. International Journal of

Science and Research (IJSR) , 1412-1416.

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"Election Commission of India: Provision for 'None of the above' option on the EVM/Ballot Paper 0

Instructions" (PDF). Eci.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-04-02

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