GENDER EQUALITY AND WOMEN EMPOWERMENT
Updated: Dec 7, 2021
Gender Equality Means When People of All Genders Like Male, Female, Transgender Have Equal Rights, Responsibilities and Opportunities. In simple words, It Means that Women, Men and Transgenders Should Be Treated Equally. The ultimate aim in Gender Equality Is to Ensure That People of All Genders Have Equitable Access To, And Benefit from Society's Resources, Opportunities and Rewards. This Paper deals with Achieving the Goal of Gender Equality. This Paper Puts Light on Importance of Gender Equality and Role of Gender Equality in Countries Development.
Gender Equality Also Known as Sexual Equality or Equality of The Genders or Sexes, Is the View That Men and Women Should Receive Equal Treatment or Treatment That Is Different but Considered Equivalent in Terms of Rights, Benefits, Obligations and Opportunities, And Should Not Be Discriminated Based on Gender. Gender Equality Is the Target While Gender Equity and Gender Neutrality Are Practices That Help in Achieving the Target. Gender equality does not mean that men and women become the same; only that access to opportunities and life changes is neither dependent on, nor constrained by, their sex. Achieving gender equality requires the active participation of both men and women as equal partners in productive and reproductive life.
GENDER INEQUALITY SCENARIO IN INDIA AND WORLD
Gender inequality in India refers to the health, education, economic and political inequalities between men and women. However, when India's population is examined as a whole, women are at a disadvantage in several important ways. Although the constitution of India grants men and women equal rights, gender disparities remain.
According To Research, Gender Discrimination Are Mostly in Favor of Men. Discrimination affects many aspects of the lives of women from career development and progress to mental health disorders.
The World Bank's Gender Statistics database for 2012.
In the gender inequality index, India was ranked 123rd. According to the report, women made up 20.5 per cent of the labour force in the country, while men made up 76.1 per cent. In GII 2020, India is ranked 112 out of 153 countries.
FORMS OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
The Gender Equality Commission of the Council of Europe identifies nine forms of violence against women which are as follows:
'Violence within the family or domestic violence
'Rape and sexual violence
'Violence in institutional environments
'Female genital mutilation
'Violence in conflict and post-conflict situations
'Killings in the name of honour'
'Failure to respect frconcerninge concerning reproduction'
IMPORTANCE OF GENDER EQUALITY
IT SAVES LIVES
Because of their lack of empowerment and resources in many places, women and girls face life-threatening risks. Natural disasters are one example. At the 2005 World Conference on Disaster Reduction, experts discussed how gender inequality plays a role in death and injury. Other data shows that climate change, which makes natural disasters more dangerous, puts women and girls in even more vulnerable positions. Bringing a gender perspective into discussions allows women to play a bigger role in their protection.
IT RESULTS IN BETTER HEALTHCARE
Research shows that in general, women receive worse medical care than men. There are many reasons for this, including lack of education and lower incomes. Sexism in the medical research community also leads to worse care. Diseases that affect women more than men (such as chronic pain conditions) aren’t as well-researched. They’re often not taken as seriously by medical professionals. When women are equal in society, their health will be impacted positively.
IT HELPS BUSINESSES
When women receive the same education and job opportunities as men, they can improve any organization they join. Studies show that diversity of all types (gender, race, sexual identity, etc.) increases an organization’s productivity and innovation. One 2016 study from the University of California looked at big companies in the state with some women in the top leadership positions. They performed better than the companies with mostly men at the top.
IT’S GOOD FOR THE ECONOMY
Women’s impact doesn’t stop with individual companies and organizations. Studies show that increasing women’s participation in the economy is good for the economy. In OECD countries, if the female employment rates were raised to match Sweden, it would lead to a GDP increase equivalent to $6 trillion. Gender pays gaps to end up costing the economy.
CHILDREN ARE HEALTHIER
When women make their own reproductive choices, they provide better care for the children they do have. With income options equal to men, mothers can offer education, healthcare, and healthier food to their children. Studies also show that reduced infant mortality is linked to higher levels of education. Children raised in gender-equal environments will do better than those raised with inequality.
IT REDUCES POVERTY
If women receive better education, healthcare and job opportunities, they can thrive. IT
REDUCES HUMAN TRAFFICKING
Females are more vulnerable and traffickers see them as easier targets. With better education and job options, females don’t end up in trafficking situations.
It could be seen from the above discussion that gender equality is very essential to achieve the goal of women empowerment.it is observed that women and girls have been subjected to various types of discrimination and disabilities towards the enjoyment of benefits of development consequent upon disempowerment. Hence the empowerment of women could be possible through the attainment of gender equality.
About The Author
SHIVAM KUMAR MISHRA
BACHELOR OF LAW (LL.B)
SHRI JAI NARAIN MISRA PG COLLEGE (KKC) LUCKNOW, UTTAR PRADESH
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